5 Best Bullpup Shotguns in 2021

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Winner
Best Value
Bullpup Shotgun
PANZER ARMS BP12 GEN 2 SEMI-AUTO BULLPUP 12 GAUGE SHOTGUN
BLACK ACES TACTICAL PRO SERIES 12GA 18.5" BULLPUP
ATI BULLDOG SGA 18.5" 5RD 12GA BULLPUP SHOTGUN
BEST ARMS 912 SEMI AUTOMATIC BULLPUP 12 GAUGE SHOTGUN
RADIKAL ARMS NK-1 BULLPUP 24" 12 GAUGE SHOTGUN 5RD
Our Test Result
Test Result 9.8/10 Excellent July 2021
Test Result 9.6/10 Excellent July 2021
Test Result 9.4/10 Very good July 2021
Test Result 9.3/10 Very Good July 2021
Test Result 9.2/10 Good July 2021
Value for Money
Performance
Pros
  • Best performance
  • All around ambidextrous design with BUIS
  • Includes adjustable cheek weld & recoil pad
  • Two mag tubes with 5+5 round capacity
  • Top Picatinny rail & foregrip
  • Ambidextrous downward ejecting design
  • Sturdy and durable design with ample rail space
  • Removable side rail for mounting accessories
  • Comes with BUIS & has an integrated ejection port dust cover
  • Top Picatinny rail allows for easy mounting optics
  • Reliable pump action ensures proper cycling
  • Ambidextrous design
  • Great accuracy
  • Completely ambidextrous for ejection & operation
  • 2 position adjustable gas system
Cons
  • Can't accept chokes
  • Needs careful and responsible handling for the forearm
  • Made only for right-handed shooters
  • Not suitable for prone position shooting
  • Aluminium might dent on some models after some many uses
Recommended by us
Winner
Bullpup Shotgun
PANZER ARMS BP12 GEN 2 SEMI-AUTO BULLPUP 12 GAUGE SHOTGUN
Our Test Result
Test Result 9.8/10 Excellent July 2021
Value for Money
Performance
Pros
  • Best performance
  • All around ambidextrous design with BUIS
  • Includes adjustable cheek weld & recoil pad
Cons
  • Can't accept chokes
Recommended by us
Check Price
Best Value
Bullpup Shotgun
BLACK ACES TACTICAL PRO SERIES 12GA 18.5" BULLPUP
Our Test Result
Test Result 9.6/10 Excellent July 2021
Value for Money
Performance
Pros
  • Two mag tubes with 5+5 round capacity
  • Top Picatinny rail & foregrip
  • Ambidextrous downward ejecting design
Cons
  • Needs careful and responsible handling for the forearm
Recommended by us
Check Price
Bullpup Shotgun
ATI BULLDOG SGA 18.5" 5RD 12GA BULLPUP SHOTGUN
Our Test Result
Test Result 9.4/10 Very good July 2021
Value for Money
Performance
Pros
  • Sturdy and durable design with ample rail space
  • Removable side rail for mounting accessories
  • Comes with BUIS & has an integrated ejection port dust cover
Cons
  • Made only for right-handed shooters
Recommended by us
Check Price
Bullpup Shotgun
BEST ARMS 912 SEMI AUTOMATIC BULLPUP 12 GAUGE SHOTGUN
Our Test Result
Test Result 9.3/10 Very Good July 2021
Value for Money
Performance
Pros
  • Top Picatinny rail allows for easy mounting optics
  • Reliable pump action ensures proper cycling
  • Ambidextrous design
Cons
  • Not suitable for prone position shooting
Recommended by us
Check Price
Bullpup Shotgun
RADIKAL ARMS NK-1 BULLPUP 24" 12 GAUGE SHOTGUN 5RD
Our Test Result
Test Result 9.2/10 Good July 2021
Value for Money
Performance
Pros
  • Great accuracy
  • Completely ambidextrous for ejection & operation
  • 2 position adjustable gas system
Cons
  • Aluminium might dent on some models after some many uses
Recommended by us
Check Price

Bullpup shotguns are ideal choices for home protection and sport shooting since they are engineered for maneuverability in close quarters warfare.

Bullpup shotguns have a shorter average range than conventional shotguns since the action is situated behind the bolt. This is achieved without losing barrel length.

Use the information in this article to locate the right bullpup shotgun for you.

What to consider before Buying a Bullpup Shotgun

It may be difficult to pick the right bullpup shotguns for your needs because they differ too greatly from conventional shotguns. We’ll go through functionality that will help you make an informed bullpup shotgun purchase in the section below.

Weight Distribution and Balance

Bullpup shotguns are making a comeback. There is no way to avoid it. Shouldering and shooting a bullpup shotgun is a unique activity since the action and magazine are placed behind the trigger. That’s why it’s important to consider a bullpup shotgun’s balance as well as its weight distribution.

It’s a smart idea to carry and shoulder a bullpup shotgun when shopping for one. Although it won’t provide you with as much information as directly shooting the firearm, it will help you get a feel for it. You should be willing to test-fire the bullpup shotgun model you’re contemplating before purchasing it, although this isn’t always possible.

Be flexible.

Shooting a bullpup shotgun differs significantly from shooting a conventional shotgun. And if you’ve fired AR-15s before, the bullpup shotgun can always surprise you. The back-heavy nature of bullpup shotguns is one of the key explanations for this. This throws them off balance and causes muzzle raise when firing. It will take some time to adjust to these changes.

Another factor to bear in mind is the magazine’s position. To become proficient at swapping magazines, you’ll need to practice. Bullpup shotguns often don’t really get along with left-handed shooters. Lefties are more likely to be struck in the face by expended shell casings if the ejection port is on the right hand of the shotgun. If you choose to fire left-handed, look for a model with either a switchable ejection port or one that ejects downwards.

Is it better to get a semi or a pump?

This isn’t a judgment peculiar to bullpup rifles, so it’s also something to think about when purchasing other kind of shotguns. This decision is heavily influenced by personal opinion. Choose a semi-automatic model if you want to fire a large number of shells in a short period of time on the range.

If you choose a more methodical approach to shooting or just like the relaxing sound of a pump action, you already know which one is right for you.

Review: The 5 Best Bullpup Shotguns

Let’s have a look at some of the strongest bullpup shotguns around. These firearms were hand-selected based on the above criteria and are produced by reputable firms who have speedy customer service.

Best Bullpup Shotgun overall: PANZER ARMS BP12 GEN 2 SEMI-AUTO BULLPUP 12 GAUGE SHOTGUN

Pros

  • Best performance
  • All around ambidextrous design with BUIS
  • Includes adjustable cheek weld & recoil pad

Cons

  • Can’t accept chokes

What the Buyers reported

The PANZER ARMS BP12 GEN 2 is one of those guns that has received overwhelmingly positive consumer reviews. The weapon is well-made, and users enjoy firing it. It runs through all of the loads without a hitch. Low-recoil loads need a 50-60 shot break-in time, but after that it’s butter.

Why we recommend it

The BP-12 Gen2 is everything a bullpup weapon might want or need. The shotgun comes with nearly every feature you can think of and is priced so low that it’s a no-brainer. There is plenty of rail space on the shotgun to install optics and light. Plus, if you don’t require optics, the BUIS is a decent option. The ergonomic foregrip is a fantastic option that can be removed if required. In addition, the flexible cheek weld improves fit and comfort.

The shotgun has a self-adjusting gas system, which demonstrates why it feeds it perfectly. It’s also ambidextrous, which contributes to its appeal and flexibility. The pistol comes with a cleaning package and a solid guarantee to protect your investment.

Verdict

The PANZER ARMS BP12 GEN 2  SEMI-AUTO BULLPUP 12 GAUGE SHOTGUN is a common bullpup shotgun that integrates many of the functionality of a full-featured combat weapon into a shotgun.

This shotgun has everything you might like, and it comes at a really reasonable price.

2nd Best Best Bullpup Shotgun: BLACK ACES TACTICAL PRO SERIES 12GA 18.5″ BULLPUP

2nd Best Best Bullpup Shotgun: BLACK ACES TACTICAL PRO SERIES 12GA 18.5" BULLPUP

Pros

  • Two mag tubes with 5+5 round capacity
  • Top Picatinny rail & foregrip
  • Ambidextrous downward ejecting design

Cons

  • Needs careful and responsible handling for the forearm

What the Latest Buyers reported

People purchase this shotgun in the intention of having the barrel trimmed down to the frame’s length. Despite this, the weapon is very convenient to handle, and the capability is ideal for home protection and tactical applications. Since the firearm has a kick, it can be operated with routine practice.

Why we recommend it

The BLACK ACES TACTICAL PRO SERIES 12GA 18.5″ BULLPUP shotgun is now available in an NFA-ready variant. The gun’s barrel is long, which will help with precision. However, as you wait for NFA clearance, this gun helps you to have a bullpup shotgun on hand and make your shotgun more lightweight. The shotgun has two mag tubes, each with a total of 5+5 shells (3”). If properly stroked, the pump operation is dependable and efficient.

The top rail can be used to mount optics, and the foregrip has a built-in flashlight with a strobe mode that is useful for home protection.

Verdict

This shotgun has a large capacity and is a dependable pump action that will not jam. Since this firearm has a lot of kick, you might want to install a butt pad to help with recoil.

Overall, this is a perfect home protection firearm with a long barrel that can be cut down after an NFA approval is obtained.

3rd Best Bullpup Shotgun: ATI BULLDOG SGA 18.5″ 5RD 12GA BULLPUP SHOTGUN

3rd Best Bullpup Shotgun: ATI BULLDOG SGA 18.5" 5RD 12GA BULLPUP SHOTGUN

Pros

  • Sturdy and durable design with ample rail space
  • Removable side rail for mounting accessories
  • Comes with BUIS & has an integrated ejection port dust cover

Cons

  • Made only for right-handed shooters

What the Latest Buyers reported

The rugged and robust design of this shotgun is the first thing that comes to mind. The ergonomics are excellent, and the pistol is a pleasure to carry. The gun feeds exceptionally well and operates flawlessly with high-capacity magazines. The most appealing characteristics are the versatile stock and customizability, as well as the relatively low price.

Why we recommend it

The ATI BULLDOG SGA 18.5″ is a genuine bullpup system that can survive the most extreme conditions while still performing admirably. The gun has an AR-style configuration, with interchangeable stock parts, a non-reciprocating charging handle, and a dust cover for the ejection port. The BUIS that comes with the pistol is a nice touch. You may also mount various attachments thanks to the full-length rail and adjustable side rail.

It has the appearance of a military rifle and has excellent arm power. It will accommodate 3” magnum shells as well as 2.75” shells. Remote chokes are included with the weapons and can be used with it.

Verdict

The ATI BULLDOG SGA 18.5″ 5RD 12GA BULLPUP SHOTGUN is a bullpup shotgun that is simple, ergonomic, and efficient for home protection and close-range shooting.

The mag fed shotgun has a very rugged build which cycles very well. This shotgun is ideal for shooters who need a low-cost, durable shotgun that can handle the most extreme conditions.

4th Best Bullpup Shotgun: BEST ARMS 912 SEMI AUTOMATIC BULLPUP 12 GAUGE SHOTGUN

4th Best Bullpup Shotgun: BEST ARMS 912 SEMI AUTOMATIC BULLPUP 12 GAUGE SHOTGUN

Pros

  • Top Picatinny rail allows for easy mounting optics
  • Reliable pump action ensures proper cycling
  • Ambidextrous design

Cons

  • Not suitable for prone position shooting

What the Latest Buyers reported

Shooting the BEST ARMS 912 SEMI AUTOMATIC BULLPUP 12 GAUGE SHOTGUN provides a sensation that no other shotgun will match. This weapon is both extremely strong and easily controlled.

Recoil-sensitive shooters, on the other hand, should use mini-shells to reduce recoil while increasing capacity. The gun is highly adjustable, compact, and simple to use.

Why we recommend it

The BEST ARMS 912 SEMI AUTOMATIC BULLPUP 12 GAUGE SHOTGUN is well-made yet being light enough to be maneuverable. The gun’s ergonomics are excellent, particularly after you’ve gotten used to shooting it, and it’s ambidextrous. 

The top rail allows for the installation of lenses, and the foregrip with a flashlight is a nice bonus. The smoothbore BEST ARMS 912 SEMI AUTOMATIC BULLPUP 12 GAUGE SHOTGUN is extremely effective at shotgun range. It also has the ability to install a choke or compensator, which is a nice touch.

Verdict

The BEST ARMS 912 SEMI AUTOMATIC BULLPUP 12 GAUGE SHOTGUN  is a high-capacity, dependable pump-action shotgun with a small overall length (26.1 inches), decent ergonomics, simple action, and a fantastic price.

To guarantee that your order does not go wrong, the shotgun comes with upgrade features and a lifetime warranty.

5th Best Bullpup Shotgun: RADIKAL ARMS NK-1 BULLPUP 24″ 12 GAUGE SHOTGUN 5RD

5th Best Bullpup Shotgun: RADIKAL ARMS NK-1 BULLPUP 24" 12 GAUGE SHOTGUN 5RD

Pros

  • Great accuracy
  • Completely ambidextrous for ejection & operation
  • 2 position adjustable gas system

Cons

  • Aluminium might dent on some models after some many uses

What the Latest Buyers reported

For owners, the RADIKAL ARMS NK-1 BULLPUP 24″ 12 GAUGE SHOTGUN 5RD is the most impressive and coolest shotgun ever.

The shotgun’s unusual structure and features seem to be perplexing to users. Almost every customer is enthralled by the ambidextrous architecture, which has large potential and excellent ergonomics.

Why we recommend it

The RADIKAL ARMS NK-1 BULLPUP 24″ 12 GAUGE SHOTGUN 5RD was modeled after the well-known X95. It’s been planned especially for war and competitions. The RADIKAL ARMS NK-1 BULLPUP 24″ 12 GAUGE SHOTGUN 5RD has a futuristic appearance and an innovative revolving mag that increases the capacity to a limit of 5+1 bullets.

It has an absolutely ambidextrous and reliable architecture. It makes it easy to install optics, forend accessories, and slings. A tray is used in the loading/ejection port to keep cases from dropping out during unloading. Even so, the shells can be unloaded with the press of a button.

The adjustable charging handle lever may be used to change the two-position gas mechanism, which guarantees flawless cycling of loads as required.

Verdict

The RADIKAL ARMS NK-1 BULLPUP 24″ 12 GAUGE SHOTGUN 5RD is a bullpup shotgun that was built decades before its time. It has an ambidextrous and ergonomic style, as well as a satisfying capacity and plenty of space for accessories.

The shotgun is simple to disassemble and clean, and the price tag is dwarfed by its innovative functionality and style.

What is a Bullpup Shotgun and how does it work?

A bullpup shotgun is a shotgun that has been shortened. Behind the trigger is where the action and magazine port are placed. The key benefit of this design is that, despite the weapon’s overall small size, the barrel length does not need to be reduced. Bullpup guns feature a distinct internal mechanism due to their unique design.

Someone named such firearms bullpups after the puppies of bulldogs, and the name stuck. Bullpup shotguns are often fed from box magazines and mimic a tactical bullpup rifle. As an extra bonus, such designs enable for the attachment of various accessories.

When Should You Use a Bullpup Shotgun?

CQB/Defense at Home

Bullpup firearms are developed specifically for close-quarters combat. Because of their small size, they are easier to navigate around corners and offer the user a more compact package. As a result, it is easier to handle and transport. Because of its small size, customizability, and rapid reloading capabilities, a bullpup shotgun may be an excellent home defense weapon.

Concealment and Storage

Bullpup shotguns are smaller and more compact than standard shotguns. This makes it simpler to hide them. These shotguns may be housed in smaller crates and storage safes, taking up less room. These weapons are simple to hide beneath the bed, in a closet, or even inside your vehicle.

Competitive shooting

Because of the rear-weight structure, bullpup shotguns offer improved agility and accuracy. To some degree, these firearms may also be used in clay shooting sports. Aside from that, these rifles are a lot of fun to use and are a great choice for recreational & competitive shooting.

How do Bullpup Shotguns work?

The bullpup shotgun is designed in the same way as a bullpup shotgun. The magazine is a spinning feed tube in certain systems (such as the Tavor TS12).

Best Bullpup Shotguns in 2021

In addition, some systems use a pump to cycle the shells (Kel-Tec KSG). The action is positioned in front of the trigger, and the barrel length is unaffected.

Bullpup shotguns come in semi-automatic and pump action models. The rifle-like design allows for configurable features like as M-Lok attachment points and a Picatinny rail.

Why Did We Choose These Bullpup Shotguns?

Affordability

When it comes to purchasing a bullpup, the price is the most important consideration. On average, bullpup rifles cost about $1,500. As a result, many are hesitant to spend such a large sum of money. The majority of the shotguns on our list, however, are fairly reasonable priced, and some even cost less than a semi-auto.

Social Validation

Thousands of individuals use the bullpup shotguns reviewed here, and they are known for their outstanding performance and value for money. Which is a critical and fundamental categorization for a product to be included on our list.

Exceptionally customizable

Picatinny rails, BUIS, detachable mag, pistol grip, and other features are found on almost all of these shotguns. This aids with the addition of additional attachments and the customization of the weapon as required. All of these shotguns are designed to be very tactical and are already superb in their own right.

Bullpup Shotguns: Pros and Cons

Let’s take a look at the advantages and disadvantages of bullpup shotguns.

Pros

Let’s have a look at the key advantages of bullpup shotguns:

Customizable & Compact

A bullpup shotgun allows you to reduce the size of your shotgun without sacrificing barrel length or any other critical feature. These firearms take up less storage space and, in general, have a design that allows for the addition of additional attachments.

Control and maneuverability are improved.

Bullpup shotguns are simple to hold and handle due to their small size. Especially in tight spaces and tight corners, where a standard shotgun with a full-length barrel would be ineffective.

Furthermore, since the rifle is carried close to the body, aiming is faster, and the shooter is less likely to get fatigued over extended sessions because to the rifle’s back-heavy design.

There is no loss in precision.

Bullpup shotguns have a unique design that does not reduce barrel length. As a result, there is no loss of precision.

Drawbacks

It does, however, have several disadvantages, including:

Pulling a Heavy Trigger

The strong trigger pull of Bullpup shotguns is noteworthy. Its one-of-a-kind trigger mechanism is often heavier than that of their regular equivalents.

Adaptability

Without experience, handling the ergonomics of a bullpup may be difficult. The magwell’s peculiar position takes a great deal of effort to master. A bullpup, on the other hand, can be a pretty effective weapon if you get the hang of it. As many special forces across the globe already know.

Last thoughts

Bullpup shotguns are a shortened variant of standard shotguns with the action located behind the barrel. This has no effect on barrel length and, as a result, accuracy.

Best Bullpup Shotguns

These shotguns are ideal for home protection, close-quarters combat, and sporting events. However, appropriately and successfully managing them requires practice.

Topics people often also want to know about.

Here are some frequently asked questions concerning bullpup firearms in general. Many people are still hesitant to adopt bullpups, and this section will assist you in finding appropriate solutions to these questions.

Who Is the Inventor of the Bullpup Shotgun?

Henri Delacare, a Frenchman, is credited with inventing the bullpup design. The Model 10, designed by Alfred Crouch in the late 1950s, was the first Bullpup semi-auto shotgun. After being sold to High Standard Manufacturing Company, the design was refined into the model 10A and 10B, which were manufactured from 1967 to 1977.

Is it legal to own a bullpup shotgun?

It is unlawful to own a shotgun with a barrel length of less than 18 inches and an overall length of less than 26 inches. Most bullpup shotgun manufacturers, on the other hand, make every effort to prevent such results, even if only by a little margin. The Kel-Tec KSG Tactical, for example, is 26.1 inches long overall.

Is the P90 considered a Bullpup?

Yes, indeed. The P90 is a Bullpup rifle that is primarily used by the military and the military forces. However, the PS90, a semi-automatic variant, is available for civilian purchase and fits the legal standards for a bullpup.

Why Do Bullpups Cost So Much?

Bullpups are costly due to their unusual design, which necessitates a particular manufacturing process and component size. With the passage of time, several bullpup types (particularly shotguns) may now be purchased for as little as $500.

Do Bullpups Have More Recoil Than Other Shotguns?

Recoil is caused by a mixture of parameters such as caliber, stock size, weight, and so on. To some degree, the compact design helps by absorbing rebound and lowering muzzle rise.

Bullpups, on the other hand, have not been found to have greater recoil than their smaller counterparts.

Do Bullpups Have a Lower Accuracy Rate?

A bullpup’s shorter length reduces the weapon’s sight radius (the distance between the front and rear sights), which is a direct proportional influence in accuracy.

However, since the barrel length (an key element in accuracy) stays unchanged. Bullpups can’t be said to be less precise. Accuracy is, in the end, a personal talent that may be honed with practice.

Further development of the bullpup loader shotgun: from the 1970s to today

In the third and last part of our series of articles, we take a look at the last development years of the bullpup-loading rifle. Here you will find interesting information about the following weapons: Steyr AUG, FAMAS F1, IWI Tavor, as well as several models from Norinco, FN Herstal or KEL-TEC. Have fun reading.

The “new era of bullpup loaders” began in the late 1970s. Two major European militaries officially introduced new NATO-caliber 5.56 x 45 mm assault rifles in a bullpup-loading design: these were the Steyr AUG, adopted by the Austrian Army as the “StG 77,” and the French FAMAS F1 assault rifle, manufactured by the state-owned GIAT Group.

The main reason for their introduction was the conception of modern infantry as a mechanized force that arrives at the battlefield by armored personnel carrier or helicopter. Therefore, compact size played an important role in infantry rifles, so the Best Bullpup Shotguns-loading design was the most logical solution for shorter service weapons without degrading ballistic performance.

The British military followed suit in the 1980s with the introduction of a highly controversial light weapon system called the SA-80, which consisted of the L85 assault rifle and the L86 light support weapon. Both are designed for the NATO standard 5.56 mm caliber.

For some reason, the German armed forces were desperately trying to avoid the introduction of the NATO standard cartridge at this time. It aimed to “leap ahead” of the others by testing the G11, a futuristic assault rifle of bullpup-loading design developed by Heckler & Koch and engineered to accept a 4.73 x 33 mm caliber caseless cartridge. The extremely complicated G11 faced numerous technical and political problems before it was abandoned: The German Bundeswehr had to be reorganized due to the dissolution of the Warsaw Pact and the end of the Cold War in 1991.

In recent years, several other countries have attempted to develop 5.56 mm caliber bullpuploaders for the infantry. These include Belgium, Croatia, Israel, China and Singapore. Of these weapons, the Israeli “Tavor” TAR-21 series rifles and carbines are by far the most successful on the international market. They have been successfully sold around the world in service and commercial markets in numerous countries outside Israel. In Israel itself, it has been adopted by the armed forces.

However, from production numbers alone, the Chinese Norinco QBZ-95, also called the “Type 95,” is hard to beat. It was adopted by the Chinese People’s Liberation Army in variants of an assault rifle, a carbine, a sniper rifle and a light support weapon, and further developed in at least two different generations. The weapons are all based on the classic bullpup-loading design.

An export version of the weapon system called QBZ-97 or “Type 97”, designed for the NATO 5.56 x 45 mm caliber, could be sold to numerous Southeast Asian countries and in civilian markets as a semi-automatic version. In today’s Russia, the unique ADS (“Dual Medium Amphibious”) model – a buttstock loader – was sold in limited numbers to naval special forces.

An interesting aspect in the development of the bullpup-loaders: in the late 20th century they triggered a kind of “fundamental question” for and against submachine guns. The reputation of these weapons had been declining in military and law enforcement circles for a little over a decade as compact assault rifles were favored.

The forerunner of the “bullpup-loading submachine gun” generation was the Steyr AUG “Para”, a short barrel mass-locking weapon in 9 x 19 mm caliber as an interchangeable system of the aforementioned Austrian bullpup-loader. The first model of its kind with commercial success was the unorthodox Belgian FN P90, while the Chinese “Type 05” is the latest rifle in this family of weapons.

Despite the noticeable differences – the P90 is a downward ejecting, shoot-on-sight firearm whose special magazine is mounted on the plastic case, while the Type 05 is equipped with a conventional magazine and is a shoot-on-sight mass Best Bullpup-loading shotgun – the two models have some similarities. In particular, the use of high-capacity magazines (50 cartridges each) and proprietary high-speed small-caliber ammunition is worth noting. These include the 5.7 x 28 mm FN caliber for the P90 and 5.8 x 21 mm DAP-92 as well as DCV-05 for the Chinese Type 05. Of the latter, there is also a more conventional variant in 9 x 19 mm caliber for 30 cartridges under the names “JS9” and “CS/LS2” respectively. Most likely, the Chinese 5.8 x 21 mm is directly inspired by its Belgian counterpart.

All of the above weapon systems were developed from scratch. If anything, they were only slightly influenced by previously known designs. This included more or less proper and user-friendly lever placement, proper balance and, more importantly, special attention to left-handed shooters.

Some of the most successful buttstock loaders – notably the Steyr AUG, the French FAMAS, and the IWI “Tavor” system – have technical provisions by which it is possible to change the ejection from right to left. This is usually done by partially deconstructing and replacing some components to adjust the requirement for left-handed shooters.

Although this solution can work in some situations, it turns out to be extremely impractical in the battlefield. For this reason, several manufacturers have already tried to solve the problem of the lack of bilateral ejection on buttstock loaders in a much more radical way, using unique ejection systems.

The aforementioned FN P90 submachine gun was the first mass-produced bullpuploader to actually feature an ambidextrous ejection system: spent cases fell straight down through a channel behind the pistol grip. This was made possible by the unorthodox placement of the magazine, which is typically located above the barrel on the P90 submachine gun and has a rotating feed system that feeds the cartridges to the chamber one at a time. Otherwise, they are placed perpendicular to the barrel axis to save space and allow for higher capacity.

Such a solution would be impractical for 5.56 x 45 mm NATO ammunition or other standard rifle ammunition. Therefore, all modern buttstock loaders continue to have a feed system on the bottom.

In fact, there are only two modern buttstock loaders that have a fully ambidextrous ejection system: the Belgian FN F2000 and the Russian KBP-developed A91M and ADS rifle. Both are equipped with a forward ejection system – and both have had very limited market success to date. Of these two systems, the Russian appears to be more reliable, as the ejection chute is significantly shorter and each case is literally pushed forward by a protruding component of the bolt carrier. This results in a very powerful ejection, with the cases being ejected from the gun above the pistol grip.

The Belgian rifle is instead equipped with an ejection tube located inside the case and next to the barrel. The cases must first travel this path before falling out of an ejection window above the forend.

Since each case is merely pushed forward by the following one and it is not propelled by any other forces in the channel, the FN F2000 is vulnerable in certain situations. In particular, malfunctions can occur during upward firing. The concept of forward ejection is actually a very old idea – it was first used in Maxim machine guns in the late 19th century. However, the concept was rarely used in rifles after that.

The bullpup-loading design has even gained some appreciation in the construction of weapons where barrel length plays an important role. In particular, for sniper rifles, long-range rifles, anti-rifle material rifles and defensive rifles, the barrel length of which can be up to one meter. Today, a variety of long-range rifles and anti-rifle material rifles of bullpup-loading design are available on the market for the military.

These include the U.S.-made Beret M90 and M95 in 12.7 x 99 mm/.50-BMG caliber, the Leader-50A1 and Desert-Tech HTI, the Russian ASVK 12.7 x 108 mm, the Chinese M06 and LR2 (available in both calibers), the Hungarian GM-6 “Lynx” and the Polish WKW “Wilk” in .50-BMG caliber, as well as several others still in the prototype phase, such as the Barrett XM500.

Beginning in the 1960s, some attempts were made to develop and manufacture rifles with a buttstock loader design by converting standard or conventionally configured models. Most of these attempts were poorly received in the marketplace and had limited success. These include the High Standard Model 10 series of semi-automatic bullpup-loading shotguns used by some local police departments in the U.S. and sold in very limited numbers to the Argentine Navy and the Mexican Army.

More recently, the Russian arms industry developed the OTs-14 “Groza” assault rifle and the SVU-A sniper rifle, both of which are used by Russian police agencies.

However, much of the Best Bullpup Shotguns-loading interchangeable systems for conventional weapons were intended for the commercial and civilian markets. Of particular note are the Muzzelite bullpup-loading interchangeable system for the popular Ruger Mini-14 semi-automatic rifle and the AKU-94 interchangeable system for AK rifles.

Sales were thoroughly unsuccessful, primarily due to the lack of usability for left-handed shooters. As a result, some companies attempted to introduce fully ambidextrous operations and ejection systems on numerous commercial buttstock loaders.

So far, only Florida-based Kel-Tec CNC Industries has really had success in this endeavor. It introduced two semi-automatic buttloaders: the RFB model in 7.62 x 51 mm/.308 caliber features a forward ejection system with a channel and an ejection window above the handguard. The RDB and M43 rifles in .223/5.56 mm, 6.5 mm and 7.62 x 39 mm calibers feature a free, downward-facing ejection window just behind the magazine housing.

The company also makes one of the few commercially available bullpup-loading shotguns that also has a downward ejection system – the KSG. The only competitor on the market is the Turkish UTAS UTS-15 shotgun, which has a conventional ejection window on the right side. Both are based on the South African Neostead NS-2000 Best Bullpup Shotguns-loading with downward ejection. All of the aforementioned shotguns have a double, alternate or selectable feed and are offered as defensive or tactical firearms.

More recently, another U.S. company, Desert-Tech, mentioned above, introduced the MDR “Micro-Dynamic Rifle” bullpup-loading weapon system. The system is currently in the final prototype phase.

The Desert-Tech MDR is a multi-caliber weapon designed in a civilian semi-automatic version as well as a MIL/LE-oriented fire-select version. It has the ability to instantly switch between a conventional right ejection to a forward ejection pattern. This would put it in direct competition with both Kel-Tec models, at least in civilian markets.

In summary, the bullpup-loading design appears to have established itself as the typical design in modern small arms. Like any other configuration or system, it has its advantages and disadvantages, proponents and opponents, but in the author’s opinion, its popularity will increase with time and further development.

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